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Architecture in Morocco  
 


Source du texte ci-dessous : architectes.com

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1. THE ARCHITECT IS MANDATORY ?
2. WHAT ARE THE CONDITIONS ?
3. MISSION HOW DO I REFER TO THE ARCHITECT ?
4. ARCHITECT HOW IS IT PAID ?
5. HOW THE ARCHITECT IS IT COVERED ?

 

1. THE ARCHITECT IS MANDATORY ?

In urban centers, defined, and their peripheral areas and in areas with a specific obligation to resort to the architect practicing in private (registered with the College) and engineers is established by Article 50 of Law 12.90 on al'Urbanisme for:

  • any new construction
  • any modification to an existing construction requiring the granting of building permits
  • all work to restore the monuments.

The mandatory use of the architect acting on a liberal and engineers is extended to the whole country when it comes to construction of public buildings or public use (Article 51)

 

2. WHAT ARE THE CONDITIONS ?

To obtain permission to work as an architect, an applicant must meet the following conditions (Article 4 of Law 016-89 on the practice of the profession of architect):

  • Be of Moroccan nationality
  • Being a holder of diploma in architecture awarded by the Ecole Nationale d'Architecture or an equivalent diploma recognized on a list established by the Administration decided after consulting the National Order of Architects.

 

3. MISSION HOW DO I REFER TO THE ARCHITECT ?

Law No. 12-90 on the Planning and Law No. 25-90 on housing estates, groups of houses and fragmentation define the mission of the architect as follows:

art. 31. Mission of the architect under the Law No. 12-90 relating to urban planning (Article 53) for a construction or modification of an existing building, the architect must be responsible for:

  • The design or modification of the architectural work;
  • The preparation of all architectural writings and graphics necessary to obtain a building permit in accordance with existing regulations;
  • Ensure the compliance of technical studies undertaken by other construction professionals (engineers specialties) with architectural design;
  • Monitor the implementation of construction and monitor compliance with the architectural plans and specifications of the building permit until the permit to live or certificate of compliance.

art. 32. Mission of the architect under the Law No. 25-90 on housing estates, groups of houses and fragmentation (Articles 13 and 17) Under the provisions of Article 13 of the above-mentioned law, the architect must be responsible for:

  • The planning of the proposed subdivision;
  • The preparation of documents relating to the design necessary to obtain permission to subdivide.

Furthermore, the provisions of Article 17 to allow the architect to coordinate the implementation of this work and, according to the terms of the mandate it receives from its client. Concerning the construction or modification of an existing building, the architect must be responsible for:

  • The design or modification of the architectural work;
  • The preparation of all architectural graphics and written for the design or modification of the building especially to provide the town to obtain a building permit in accordance with existing regulations;
  • Ensure the compliance of technical studies undertaken by engineers specializing in construction with architectural design;
  • Monitor the implementation of construction and monitor compliance with the architectural plans and specifications of the building permit until the issuance of a permit to live or certificate of compliance.

 

4. HOW ARCHITECTS ARE THEY PAID ?

The contingency fee is subject to the following rules adopted pursuant to the contract by the National Council of Architects:

1/ For the construction of the project category 1 (Habitat Social), contained in the Schedule attached the minimum fee rate applicable is 3%. In this case, the architect is exempt from keeping records of consultation with business, of the attachments, as well as managing the accounts of companies.

2/ For the construction of housing within the framework of the 200,000 dwellings, the minimum fee rate applicable is 3.5%.

3/ For all other cases, the fee rate applicable minimum is 5% however this rate can be reduced to 4.5% in the case of repetition of elements of the project and / or where the owner is the contractor building the project.

The basis for calculating fees is based on the total amount of VAT, this tax calculation may be based on the total amount excluding VAT where construction profits from the VAT exemption granted by the State.

The architect's fees are increased by the VAT on fees at the time of billing. Any proposed amendment to the contract, amending increasing or decreasing the actual amount of work and the fees generated will be submitted for endorsement and approval of the parties (the developer, the architect, the regional order of architects the location of the project, the recording home of the architect).

 

COST ESTIMATES BY CATEGORY OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECT

The remuneration of the Architect is calculated as the product of a percentage rate for services provided by that estimate of the work established by the Architect.

This estimate is calculated under the price per square meter in the Schedule below by the total area of all floors of the project covered. The open areas will be calculated at 50% of the value per square meter covered. The scale contains the minimum costs for each category of buildings to be applied by the Architect and shall be fixed and updated the 1st of each year by the National Order of Architects and may be reduced or increased on a proposal of the Regional Council concerned according to the specificity of regions, provided that it informs the National Council, before December 31 of each year.

The scale below is given as a basis for calculating the estimate of work for this phase of studies. The amount of the estimate will be revised upwards or downwards after award of work.

 

5. HOW THE ARCHITECT IS IT COVERED ?

Pursuant to Article 26 of Law 016-89 on the practice of the profession, Architect, prior to perform any professional act, shall provide the College with a certificate attesting that it has purchased insurance covering all risks which may be held responsible.

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